Middle Eastern countries are one of the most important regions as it has many important countries, besides it has witnessed many great civilizations and it has many tourist sites that attract many tourists from all over the world, we will tell you everything about Middle Eastern countries list and maps.
The Middle East
The term Middle East is a geopolitical term and political term as well. Besides, it includes the Levant, the Peninsula, Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, and also Iraq.
Middle Eastern countries list
These are all Middle Eastern countries list and also Middle countries flags. They are such as:
7- Saudi Arabia
Middle East map
This is the map of Middle Eastern countries as the following:
Middle Eastern countries list and maps
These are The Middle Eastern countries list and also maps. The countries are such as:
- Saudi Arabia
This is all Middle Eastern countries list and also maps.
Middle Eastern countries civilizations
The Middle East is distinguished from the rest of the world by the presence of the oldest and also greatest civilizations in it. So, they have left countless traces and attracted many tourists from around the world. These civilizations are such as:
The Sumerian civilization is in the Middle East and also is one of the oldest civilizations. Besides, it was in the state of Iraq today. It also dates from 4500 to 4000 BC. In addition, they relied on agriculture and hunting and also invented Sumerian writing. Moreover, it included more than 12 cities.
The Assyrian civilization appeared in the Middle East in the fourth century BC and extended from Turkey to Iraq, and also it was one of the greatest empires. In addition, it ended at the hands of the Chaldeans in 612 BC. Besides, was famous for the development of architecture. Moreover the use of iron in the manufacture of weapons, and the prowess of fighting.
Ancient Egyptian civilization
The ancient Egyptian civilization is the oldest civilization in the world and also was centered in Egypt. Besides, it began in 2150 BC and ended in 30 BC. In addition, it left many monuments unparalleled in the world, such as the pyramids, which are one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. In addition, it has many innovations and development such as mummification and ancient hieroglyphic writing. And also now, there are a lot of secrets that archaeologists seek to know about the ancient Egyptian civilization.
3-The Romanian Civilization
The Roman civilization occupied many Middle Eastern countries and also was a great civilization. So, it included Egypt, and lasted for nearly 1000 years, starting in 550 BC and ending in 465 AD. Alexandria also has many relics of this civilization. It includes the Roman temple and also the pillar.
It is one of the most important civilizations that helped lay the foundations of all sciences, as it had the most important scientists and inventors such as Archimedes, Plato, Pythagoras, Socrates, Euclid, and Aristo. In addition, it was in the period from 2700 to 2700 BC
This civilization contributed to the development and also prosperity of maritime trade. Besides, the monsoon winds were discovered. In addition, it began from 550 to 331 BC.
It is one of the modern Middle Eastern civilizations, besides being a great one. In addition, it was one of the great empires that controlled most of the countries of the Middle East.
Islamic civilization was an ancient civilization, besides, it began in 610 AD at the hands of the Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him and also grant him peace. It was distinguished by its control over many countries, so it was one of the most powerful empires, as it reached North Africa and Iraq now, as well as Persia and many others. The Islamic Golden Age also included the beginning of culture, the spread of sages, and the flourishing of science
Middle Eastern countries weather
Most countries in the Middle East are characterized by a hot and dry climate, but the presence of rivers and oceans overlooked by some Middle Eastern countries makes the climate in coastal cities mild, as it attracts many tourists, especially in winter.
Middle Eastern countries by population
These are the middle eastern countries and also ita populations:
- Egypt 101,995,700 people.
- Turkey 84,339,067 people.
- Iran 83,805,675 people.
- Iraq 40,063,400 people.
- Saudi Arabia has 34,719,000 people.
- Yemen has 29,710,300 people.
- Syria has 17,425,600 people.
- Jordan 10,185,500 people.
- United Arab Emirates 9,869,000 people.
- Lebanon has 6,830,600 people.
- Palestine (West Bank and also Gaza Strip) has 5,148,249 people.
- Oman has 5,081,600 people.
- Kuwait has 4,259,500 people.
- Qatar has 2,113,000 people.
- Bahrain has 1,690,900 people.
Middle Eastern countries religion
Middle Eastern countries and also the Arab world includes three main religions. They are such as:
Muslims are concentrated in the Middle East and constitute a majority in it due to the appearance of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, in this region. Therefore, Islam is the number one religion in the Middle East with 94% of the religions in the Middle East. But there are different sects of Islam in the Middle East. Besides, the largest sect is the Sunnis, followed by the Shiites.
2- Christianity Religion
It is the second religion after Islam in the Middle East, and also it constitutes 5% of the religions in the Middle East. There are also jobs for Christianity, such as the Greek Orthodox, the Syriacs, the Copts, and the Ethiopians. In addition, Cyprus is the largest country with Christians with 70% of its population.
In the Middle East, there is also the Jewish religion. However, it is based especially in Palestinian-occupied lands, where the proportion of Jews is 70% of the population.
Middle Eastern countries and capitals
These are the middle eastern countries and also their capital cities:
- Turkey and its capital Istanbul
- Bahrain and also its capital Manama
- Kuwait and also its capital Kuwait city
- Oman and its capital Muscat
- Saudi Arabia and also its capital Riyadh
- Qatar and also its capital Doha
- UAE and also its capital is Abu Dhabi
- Yemen and also it’s capital is Sana’a
- Iraq and its also capital is Baghdad
- Jordan and also it’s capital Amman
- Syria and also it’s capital Damascus
- Palestine and also its capital Gaza
- Lebanon and also it’s capital Beirut
- Iran and also its capital Tehran
- Cyprus and it’s capital Nicosia
- Egypt and it’s capital Cairo
Middle East continent
The Middle Eastern countries include countries from three continents which are as the following:
1-Asia continent Middle Eastern countries list
- Saudi Arabia
Africa continent Middle Eastern countries list
Europe continent Middle Eastern countries list
Middle East cities
The Middle East has many countries such as:
- Abu Dhabi
Former Middle Eastern countries
Previously, these countries were called only the countries of the Middle East, which include Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, as well as Qatar. But now it has changed to include other countries as well, as we mentioned before.
Rich Middle Eastern countries
- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
- United Arab of Emirates.
- Country of Qatar.
Best Middle Eastern countries to visit
As we mentioned previously that many civilizations passed by the middle eastern countries. Besides modern civilization, in some Arab countries. So, there are many traces of these countries. In addition, it includes monuments, temples, and statues as well. It also has many natural these countries such as:
1-The United Arab of Emirates
- Burj Khalifa in Dubai city.
- Ferrari world in Abu Dhabi city and alsoSheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi.
- Dubai Mall and also Burj Al Arab Hotel in Dubai.
2-Arab Republic of Egypt
- The Pyramids in Giza and also the ancient Egyptian Museum in Giza city.
- Abu Simple Temple in Aswan city and also Luxor temple in Luxor city.
- Hurghada tourist city and also Sharm el sheikh tourist city.
Topkapi Palace Museum in Istanbul city and also Hagia Sofia Mosque in Istanbul.
List of Middle Eastern countries in alphabetical order
These are the Middle Eastern countries listed in alphabetical order such as the following:
- Saudi Arabia
Middle Eastern countries that start with l
Lebanon is one of the Middle Eastern countries and also one of the Levent countries Besides, it begins with the letter L. In addition, it is one of the Arab countries. It also is located in the west of Asia continent.
In conclusion, Middle Eastern countries include many Arab countries that play an important role in many political issues. Besides, they held many conferences to discuss many matters that happened in the Middle Eastern Area. Finally, we hope that Middle Eastern countries list and maps.
The Middle East includes three continents which are Africa, Europe, and Asia.
There are 16 countries in the Middle East.
Egypt, Oman, Cyprus, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Iran, Bahrain, Palestine, Turkey, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
Egypt is located in the northeast of Africa and is included in the Middle Eastern country. Besides, it is one of the most important and affected countries in the Middle East and North Africa.