Syria is one of the Arabic countries in the Middle East, with a coastline in the eastern Mediterranean. It is bordered on the northern side by the State of Turkey, on the eastern side by the State of Iraq, and by Jordan and Palestine on the southwestern side, and on the western side, it is bordered by Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea.
The country occupies an area of 185,180 km2.
Damascus is the capital of Syria; it is also the country’s largest city, following the decline in the population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city. It is colloquially known as aš-Šām and titled the “City of Jasmine”
The currency of Syria
The country uses the Syrian pound as its official currency, which uses the sign SYP, and the codes LS and £S. One pound is subdivided into 100 qirsh. 
The climate is the Mediterranean on the coast, with mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers, while it is arid subtropical in the vast inland areas, with moderately cold winters and scorching, sunny summers. Summer is sunny throughout the country, but the air is humid on the coast and dry in the rest of the country.
- The Great Umayyad Mosque
- Aleppo Citadel
- St. Simeon Melkite Catholic Church Windsor
- Temple of Bel at Palmyra
- Azem Palace
- Citadel of Saladin