Syria – Arab Countries – Arab League


Syria is one of the Arabic countries where it is located in the Middle East, Bordered on the east by the Mediterranean Sea, Syria also shares borders with the countries of Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon. More than half of Syria is covered by the Syrian Desert, which stretches into several other countries in the Middle East.

The Capital

Damascus is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is likely also the country’s largest city, following the decline in the population of Aleppo due to the battle for the town. It is colloquially known in Syria as ash-Sham and titled the City of Jasmine.

The currency of Syria Arab country

The currency of Syria is the Syrian Pound (SYP)


Syria has a hot, dry desert climate with sunny summers from June to August, and mild,
rainy winters along the coast from December to February. In addition, Damascus periodically experiences cold weather with snow or sleet.

What is the national language of Syria?

Arabic is the official language of Syria and the country’s most widely spoken language.


Syria’s population is 90% Muslim and 10% Christian. Among Muslims, 75% are Sunni and the remaining 25% is divided among other Muslim groups.

How many provinces are in Syria?

Syria is divided into 14 provinces, which are subdivided into 61 districts

What is the leading traditional food in Syria?

The traditional food of Syria mainly consists of stuffed vegetables, meat and rice dishes, and flavored desserts.

The most popular Syrian Dishes are Yabraq, Muhammara, Kibbeh Bil Sanieh · Kebab Halabi, vine leaves, Fattoush, Sujuk, and Dolma.

What are the kinds of transportation available in Syria?

Transport in Syria is possible by rail, road, air, or rivers, both public and private.
In addition, Syria is a developed Asian country with a well-developed rail network (2,052 km) and a highway system (782 km).


horizontally striped red-white-black national flag with two green stars on the white stripe.

Flag of syria

What is the main airport of Syria?

The main international airport is the Damascus International Airport in the capital, Damascus.

Syria Tourism

The Great Umayyad Mosque

The Great Umayyad Mosque

The Great Mosque of Damascus, also called Umayyad Mosque, is the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I.

Next to the mosque is the tomb of one of the most famous Muslim leaders,
Saladin, who recaptured Jerusalem from the Crusaders.

National Museum of Syria

National Museum of Syria

The National Museum of Damascus is a museum in the heart of Damascus, Syria.

The National Museum, established in 1936, boasts an extraordinary collection of artifacts from across the country, representing six millennia of civilization

Al Azem Palace

Al Azem Palace

Azem Palace is in Damascus, Syria, located in the heart of the Old City just south of the Umayyad Mosque’s qibla wall near the Suq al-Buzuriyya,
It was built in 1163/1749 by Assad al-Azem Pasha (one of the last great Ottoman governors of Syria), It covers an area of about 5500 square meters.

Citadel of Saladin

Citadel of Saladin
  • The Citadel of Saladin ( Salah al-Din Al-Ayyoubi) is located east of Lattakia city, at an altitude of 410 m above sea level.
  • Citadel has an area of more than 5 hectares and a length of 740 meters, setting a record as one of the largest forts in Syria.
  • The Citadel is considered one of the most magnificent architectural landmarks left by medieval architecture

Read more about Arab Countries – Arab League Famous Arab CitiesList of Arab Capitals


[1]  Wikipedia: Syrian pound