Damascus the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic,and the historical face of it.
It’s historical roots extend back to a very ancient history, making it one of the oldest
inhabited capitals in the world.
The name (Damascus) has ancient Assyrian origins, and means a prosperous land, an
indication of the beauty of its nature and its picturesque terrain
It is said that it was named (Sham) after Sam bin Noah, peace be upon him, and it was also
called by many names,
The most important of them are: Ink, Durrat Al-Sharq, Sham Sharif, Shama Al-Dunya, Iram
Dhat Al-Emad, Al-Fayhaa, Damska, Al-Dar Al-Masqa, and Al-Yasmeen City.
Damascus is one of the largest cities in Syria in terms of population density.
According to statistics of the Syria Center for Research and Studies in 2011 , the number of
residents of the city reached about 1,754,000.
Thus constituting 8% of the total population of the republic, and Arabs occupy the vast
majority of the total population of the city by 95%, and by 4% of the Kurds
and the remaining percentage forms other ethnicities, such as Turkmen, Armenians, and Assyrians,
The Circassians, the Bosniaks, the Azeris, the Albanians, the Greek Orthodox Christians, the
Antiocheans, the Melkite Roman Catholics, and a proportion of the Jews.
Archaeological sites in Damascus
Damascus has many archaeological and historical sites
This is due to the large number of civilizations that inhabited the region since ancient times
and left their traces in it
The most important religious and historical places :
- Damascus Castle.
- Old Damascus Street.
- Medhat Pasha Market.
- Al-Amawi Mosque.
- The mausoleum of Saladin.
- Al-Sayyida Ruqayya Mosque.
- The Jewish Quarter.
- Azem Palace.
- Akkad House.
- Dormitory office.
- Flower Library.
- Saint John’s Church.