Baalbek – Arabic Cities


Baalbek is a Lebanese city and one of the Arabic cities, located in the middle of the famous Bekaa Plain, and it is
bordered on the east by the Litani River, and on the west by the eastern and western
Lebanon mountain ranges, and it rises from the sea level at a distance of 1,163 meters. Huge buildings and temples were built by the Romans; Which made it a tourist attraction for many foreigners.


Baalbek has a Mediterranean climate with significant continental influences. It is located in one of the drier regions of the country, giving it an average of 450mm of precipitation
(compared with 800-850mm in coastal areas) annually, overwhelmingly concentrated in the months from November to April. Baalbek has hot rainless summers with cool (and occasionally snowy) winters. Autumn and spring are mild and fairly rainy.

Tourism in Baalbek among Arabic cities

Baalbek is considered one of the most important tourist cities in Lebanon and in the East among the Arabic cities, its one of the most important historical cities in Lebanon due to its Roman monuments that testify to its heritage, and it also hosts on its land a number of international festivals and a large number of Arab and foreign artists annually. An important role in stimulating tourism in the eastern part of the country.

Monuments Baalbek

Among the most important ruins of the city of Baalbek:

Temples: built by the Romans at the site of the city of Baalbek, which are three religious temples belonging to their gods: Jupiter, Venus, and Mercury, but they were destroyed in the sixth century AD by an earthquake, and some of their remains are still standing up to our time.

Stone of the Pregnant Woman: Stone of the Pregnant Woman, also known as the Rock of the South is a Roman landmark located in the Lebanese city of Baalbek, and it is a huge rock that was cut two thousand years ago, and it is likely that it is from the remains of
a Roman temple that was built in this area, and It is more than 20 meters long and more than 1100 tons heavy.

The shrine of Sayyida Khawla, daughter of Imam Hussein and granddaughter of the Prophet Muhammad, is a religious tourist attraction at the southern entrance to the city of Shams, Baalbek.


[1]  Wikipedia: The climate of Baalbek