Egypt history timeline

Egypt History Timeline | Ancient and Modern with Facts

Egypt history timeline

Egypt history timeline

Egypt history timeline has a rich and complex history, spanning millennia and encompassing the rise and fall of great empires, the creation of incredible art and architecture, and also the emergence of influential cultural traditions. From the pharaohs to the modern era, Egypt has played a pivotal role in shaping the world we live in today. So, we will tell you everything you need to you about Egypt’s history timeline 1.

Ancient Egypt’s history timeline includes many events such as:

  • In 3100 BC: The first dynasty of Egypt begins and the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt is achieved under King Narmer which is one of the Ancient Egypt timelines important events.
  • In 2686 BC – 2181 BCE: The Old Kingdom period of Egypt, was characterized by the construction of monumental pyramids and also the development of a centralized government.
  • In 2040 BC – 1640 BCE: The Middle Kingdom period of Egypt saw the expansion of Egyptian influence beyond its borders and also the development of a more diverse economy.
  • In 1550 BC – 1069 BCE: The New Kingdom period of Egypt, was marked by a period of military conquest and expansion under pharaohs such as Tutankhamun and Ramses II.
  • In 332 BC: Alexander the Great conquers Egypt and founds the city of Alexandria.
  • In 30 BC: Egypt is annexed by the Roman Empire following the defeat of Cleopatra VII by Octavian (later known as Caesar Augustus).
  • In 642 CE: Arab Muslims conquer Egypt and introduce Islam as the dominant religion.
  • In 1250: The Mamluk dynasty takes power in Egypt and also establishes Cairo as its capital.

Modern Egypt History timeline

Nile river today in Egypt
  • In 1517: The Ottoman Empire conquers Egypt and establishes it as a province 2.
  • In 1869: The Suez Canal, connecting the Mediterranean and also Red Seas, under the rule of Ismail Pasha.
  • In 1914: Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
  • In 1952: The Free Officers Movement, led by Gamal Abdel Nasser, stages a coup and also ousts King Farouk I, establishing a republic.
  • In 1979: Egypt and Israel sign a peace treaty, ending decades of conflict.
  • In 2011: Protests lead to the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak in the Arab Spring.
  • In 2014: Former military leader Abdel Fattah el-Sisi became president of Egypt.
  • In 2015: The opening of the New Suez Canal, an expansion of the original canal, under President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
  • In 2016: A terrorist attack on a Coptic Christian church in Cairo kills 25 people.
  • In 2018: President el-Sisi is re-elected in a controversial election marred by allegations of voter suppression and opposition intimidation.
  • In 2019: Massive protests erupt across Egypt, demanding the resignation of President el-Sisi and also an end to corruption and human rights abuses.
  • In 2020: The COVID-19 pandemic hits Egypt, leading to a sharp decline in tourism and also economic activity.
  • In 2021: The massive container ship Ever Given becomes stuck in the Suez Canal, causing a six-day blockage and also disrupting global trade.
  • In 2022: Egypt begins construction of the Grand Egyptian Museum. It is the largest archaeological museum in the world when it opens in 2023.

Ancient Egypt period

Memphis Egypt

The great Ancient Egyptian history refers to the period of Egyptian history that lasted from around 3100 BCE to 30 BCE, spanning over three millennia. This period includes the Old Kingdom (c. 2686-2181 BCE), the Middle Kingdom (c. 2040-1640 BCE), and also the New Kingdom (c. 1550-1069 BCE).

Egypt history facts

Full Sphynx Profile Pyramid Giza Egypt

Egypt history timeline has many facts 5 such as:

  1. Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a recorded history that dates back more than 5,000 years.
  2. The Ancient Egyptians built massive pyramids, such as the Great Pyramid of Giza, which is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in Giza and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  3. The Ancient Egyptians believed in a complex polytheistic religion, with gods and goddesses such as Ra, Osiris, Isis, and Horus.
  4. The Egyptians developed a system of hieroglyphic writing.
  5. Several foreign powers conquered Egypt throughout its history. It includes the Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Arabs.
  6. During the Middle Ages, the Fatimid Caliphate ruled Egypt.
  7. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the British ruled Egypt.
  8. In 1952, a group of military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew the monarchy and established a republic.
  9. Egypt is home to some of the most iconic landmarks in the world. It includes the Great Sphinx of Giza, the Valley of the Kings, and the temples of Luxor and Karnak.

A brief history of Egypt

Egypt history timeline has passed through many empires, here is a brief overview of Egypt’s history4:

1- The Ancient Period ( 3100 BCE – 332 BCE)

This period saw the rise and fall of the great Pharaonic dynasties. The construction of monumental pyramids and temples, and also the development of a sophisticated system of hieroglyphic writing and religion.

2- The Greco-Roman Period (332 BCE – 642 CE)

After the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great, Greek and then Roman rule brought new influences and cultural exchanges to Egypt. The city of Alexandria became a center of learning and intellectual achievement.

3- The Islamic Period (642 CE – 1517 CE)

The Arab conquest of Egypt in 642 CE introduced Islam and Arabic language and culture to the country. Egypt became a hub of Islamic scholarship, trade, and cultural exchange.

4- The Ottoman Period (1517 CE – 1805 CE)

Egypt came under Ottoman rule, and the Mamluk elite became powerful rulers in the country. During this period, Egypt was an important centre of trade and commerce.

5- The Modern Period (1805 CE – present)

After Napoleon’s campaign in Egypt, Muhammad Ali ruled the country, followed by a period of British occupation and colonialism. Egypt gained independence in 1952.


  4. “A History of Ancient Egypt” by Marc Van De Mieroop
  5. “Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State” by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.


How did Egypt’s history begin?

The history of Egypt dates back to the prehistoric era, with evidence of human settlement in the region dating back to at least 40,000 BC. The rise of the ancient Egyptian civilization around 3100 BC. Then, the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the rule of King Narmer marked the beginning of the first dynasty, which is the start of ancient Egyptian history.

What is Egypt known for in history?

Egypt is known for its rich history, which spans thousands of years and includes many significant contributions to human civilization. They are known for many things such as The Pyramids, Hieroglyphics, The Nile River, Pharaohs, Mummies, Mathematics, Astronomy, and Medicine.

What is the old name of Egypt?

the ancient Egyptians called Egypt Kemet, which means Black Land.

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