The city of Muscat is the capital of the Sultanate of Oman, located on the coast of the
Gulf of Oman, surrounded by a group of volcanic mountains, in addition to that the city is
They are connected by road from west to south.
Generally speaking, the city of Muscat has a population of about 1,560,330, which makes it the most densely populated
A city in the country, with a population density of about 450 individuals per square kilometer.
The most important landmarks in Muscat
1- Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque: The Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque is one of the most
important landmarks of the city of Muscat in the Sultanate of Oman, as it sits on
a geographical area estimated at about 416,000 square meters, and thus it occupies the
second place in the list of the largest mosques in the world.
2- The Sultan’s Palace: The Sultan’s Palace is located on Mirani Street near the port of Muscat. It is a royal palace that was built in the place previously occupied by the British
embassy, where the palace is distinguished by its wonderful architectural design, and the stone columns of golden and blue color.
3- Al Jalali Fort: The Jalali Fort is located on the top of a steep mountain near the port of
Muscat, noting that it was built in the year one thousand five hundred and eighty AD during
the presence of the Portuguese. With the aim of protecting the area from external invasions,
the fort was recently converted into a museum of Omani heritage.
4- The National Museum of Oman: The National Museum of Oman is located near the
Sultan’s Palace in the old part of the city of Muscat, and it is considered the most important
and largest museum in the Sultanate of Oman. It displays within it a large number of
heritage and archaeological artifacts that reflect the history of the region and the civilization rich in history.
5- Bait Al Zubair Museum: The Bait Al Zubair Museum is located in the old part of the city of
Muscat, and it was inaugurated in the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight. It should be noted that it includes a number of buildings, the most prominent of which is
Bayt Al-Bagh in addition to that It is a building dating back to the year one thousand nine hundred and fourteen, and the museum also includes within it many antiquities, weapons, works of art, and handicrafts that reflect the different cultures in the Omani regions.