Oman is located in the southeastern quarter of the Arabian Peninsula and covers a total
land area of 309,500 km2 (119,500 sq mi).
The land area is composed of varying topographic features: valleys and deserts account for 82 percent of the landmass; mountain ranges, 15 percent; and the coastal plain, 3 percent.
The sultanate is flanked by the Gulf of Oman, the Arabian Sea, and the Rub’ al Khali (Empty
Quarter) of Saudi Arabia
Muscat is the capital of Oman. The metropolitan area of Oman has an area of 3,797 km2 and is divided into six provinces called wilayahs.
Muscat has a population of 1,560,330, making it the country’s most populous city. The population density of Muscat is 450 persons per square km.
The currency of Oman
The Omani rial is the currency of Oman. It is divided into 1000 baisa
The climate is hot and dry in the interior and hot and humid along the coast. Summer temperatures in the capital of Muscat and other coastal locations often climb to 110 °F (43 °C), with high humidity; winters are mild, with lows averaging about 63 °F (17 °C).
Tourism in the Sultanate of Oman
Jebel Akhdar :
Jebel Akhdar is distinguished by its agricultural diversity, including flowers and trees, such
as: almond, walnut, and pomegranate trees, as well as peaches and apricots, in addition to
roses that do not grow in any region of the Arabian Gulf except in the Green Mountain, and
the height of this mountain reaches 3000 meters, And it has a temperate climate in summer, and cold in winter.
The Museum of the Frankincense Land:
The visitor must visit the Museum of the Land of Frankincense, located in the city of Salalah,
which is approximately 5 km from the city center; This is because it is a museum that
includes the time periods of the Sultanate of Oman and its governorates, where the visitor
learns about its maritime heritage and its historical heritage.
Al Balid Archeological Site:
Al Baleed Archaeological Park is considered a jewel within Salalah’s natural landscapes, and
it has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, making it a prominent
destination in the path of visitors to the Sultanate of Oman, and this park is an open-air
archaeological site, located off the coast of the Arabian Sea and near Qasr Al Hosn And the famous Haffa Market.