Cities of Palestine
Palestine is an Arab country located in Asia, it has many famous cities, so we will tell you more about the cities of Palestine.
In this article, we will inform you more information about the cities of Palestine.
Palestine is the cradle of the three monotheistic religions, Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.
History of Palestine:
- Its history dates back to more than five thousand years.
- It is thus one of the oldest cities in the world.
- In addition, it witnessed the civilizations of the Bronze Age, Iron Age, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Crusader.
- Moreover, the Umayyad, Abbasid, and Fatimid followed, The Ayyubid, the Mamluk, and the Ottomans.
- All this left behind them monuments and archaeological manuscripts.
Names of Jerusalem:
- Throughout these ages, it has many titles such as Yabu, Elijah, and Jerusalem.
- The city of Jerusalem is a global tourist destination for many people around the world due to its religious and historical importance.
Religious monuments in Palestine such as:
- Dome of the Rock.
- Al-Aqsa Mosque.
- Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
Palestine has 4 main neighborhoods for instance:
- Islamic neighborhood.
- Christian neighborhood.
- Armenian neighborhood.
- Jewish neighborhood.
Cities of Palestine such as:
- Gaza City.
- Bethlehem City.
- Ramallah City.
- Nablus City.
- Hebron City.
- Khan Younis.
- Jericho City.
- Jenin City.
- Qalqilya City.
- Tulkarm City.
- Nazareth City.
- Jaffa City.
City of Gaza in Palestine:
It is one of the main cities in Palestine.
Location of Gaza:
- Gaza gained great importance as a result of its geographical location on the coastal road of the Mediterranean Sea.
History of the city of Gaza in Palestine:
- Gaza is one of the oldest cities in the world, where many civilizations have succeeded.
- It passed through many invaders; Such as the pharaohs, the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Ottomans, and others.
- In addition in 636 AD, Gaza became under Islamic rule by the Ayyubids, the Mamluks, and the Ottomans.
- It flourished during this period as a major trading center and a station on the main trade route between Egypt, Palestine, and the Arabian Peninsula.
The economy of the city of Gaza:
- Gaza City is an important economic city of Palestine center for the cultivation of citrus and other crops.
- Moreover, the city is also famous for its hand-woven carpets, bamboo furniture, and pottery.
- It has many public gardens and restaurants on its shore, whose visitors enjoy the gentle Mediterranean breeze.
City of Bethlehem in Palestine:
Location of the city of Bethlehem:
- The city of Bethlehem is located 10 km south of the Old City of Jerusalem.
The reason for the name “Bethlehem”:
- Due to the abundance of meat in it due to the abundance of fertile pastures and livestock.
History of the city of Bethlehem in Palestine:
- The city of Bethlehem is an ancient Canaanite city where the Canaanites lived in it for a long time.
- They called it Beit Elie Lahma, where El means god, and Lahama is the name of the god of harvest and fertility, then various tribes groups rolled over it.
Weather in Bethlehem:
- Bethlehem is in a mountainous location at an altitude of 772 m above the level of the Mediterranean Sea, therefore it enjoys a Mediterranean climate where the summer is hot Dry, cold, and rainy winters.
- Bethlehem has acquired a special religious sanctity for Christians as the birthplace of Jesus Christ.
- It has much spiritual and historical importance due to its unique religious sites.
City of Ramallah in Palestine:
Reason for the name Ramallah:
- There were many opinions about the naming of the city of Ramallah this name.
- However, the closest is that the word Ram is a word origin Kanani sense of the region high, and the word of God is to add the Arabs to become Ramallah.
The geographical location of the city of Ramallah in Palestine:
- Ramallah area is approximately 18.6 thousand km2.
- It is a mountainous city where it is on a mountain with a view of the Palestinian coast in the west.
- Ramallah is surrounded by mountains to the east and south and is only 15 km from Jerusalem, the capital of Palestine.
- In addition, the city rises from sea level about 830-880 meters.
History of the city of Ramallah in Palestine:
- The foundation of the city of Ramallah dates back to the sixteenth century AD by a sheik named Rashid Al-Haddadin.
- In the year 1807 AD, they built the first Greek Orthodox church there, and in 1869 AD they opened Friends School for Girls there.
City of Nablus in Palestine:
Location of Nablus:
- Nablus is in the north of the West Bank, 69 km north of Jerusalem, and 42 km east of the Mediterranean Sea.
- It is located in a narrow valley between the mountains of Ebal and Gerizim.
- It is the heart of Palestine as it connects its north to its south and east to its west.
- Nablus also enjoys an important geographical location, due to its location at the crossroads of ancient trade routes.
- It connects from east to west the Jordan Valley with the coast of the Mediterranean and Egypt, and from north to the south connects Damascus with Jerusalem.
History of the city of Nablus:
- Historically, research indicates that the city of Nablus was inhabited for the first time in the fourth millennium BC
- However, it did not gain its prominent position until the Romans built a new city in it, which they called Flavia Neapolis.
- Later, in the early seventh century AD, Muslims entered the city and came under their rule.
Destruction of Nablus:
- After that, in the early twentieth century AD, a strong earthquake happened in this area that destroyed many of the city’s historical buildings.
- During the British Mandate, Nablus was an arena for armed clashes, which caused more of its destruction.
- After the 1948 war, Nablus received thousands of Palestinian refugees who were displaced from the areas captured by Israel.
The Economy of the city of Nablus:
- The city continued to flourish Socially and economically, due to the built many mosques, schools, etc.
- Today, Nablus is a vital commercial center, as it is home to the largest university in Palestine, which is the University of Nablus.
- National success, as it is full of markets, crowded inns, traditional restaurants, soap factories, and other handicraft shops, in addition to medical centers and old traditional baths.
City of Hebron in Palestine:
Location of Hebron:
- The city of Hebron is located 30 km south of Jerusalem, at an altitude of 950 m above sea level, which makes it the highest city in Palestine.
History of Hebron:
- Hebron is also one of the oldest cities in Palestine and the world; because the city is more than 5,500 years old.
- Hebron has developed significantly over time.
- It is one of the most important Palestinian industrial and commercial centers.
- It is witnessing an economic development that is the strongest among the rest of the cities of Palestine.
- Its production constitutes about 21.3% of the total production of the rest of the cities combined.
- Hebron is famous for its traditional handicrafts; Such as the manufacture of glass, pottery, food, and leather.
- In addition to modern industries; Such as shoemaking, weaving, food, mining, stone, and marble.
Religious and historical sites
- Hebron is home to many religious and historical sites; Like Ibrahim’s tomb, and the Ibrahim’s Mosque.
- Thousands of tourists visit it from inside and outside Palestine annually.
Khan Younes in Palestine:
Khan Yunis is one of the main agricultural cities of Palestine.
Location of Khan Yunis city in Palestine:
- It borders Deir al-Balah to the north, Rafah to the south, the 1948 Green Line to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.
Econimic in Khan Yunis:
- Khan Tunis is an important commercial center, as a municipal council was established there during the Ottoman era.
- It is the second largest in the Gaza Strip Khan Younis.
- It also owns the agricultural status of a large number of agricultural land.
- Its estimated cultivated area is about 37.3 km², of which 18.1 km² is suitable land for agriculture.
City of Jericho in Palestine:
location of the city of Jericho:
- Jericho is located only 10 km east of Jerusalem, very close to the Dead Sea.
- Its climate is characterized by a very high temperature, as it is located at a depth of 274.02 m below sea level, which also makes it the lowest city in the world.
History of the city of Jericho in Palestine:
- Jericho is the oldest inhabited city populated.
- Archaeologists have discovered the remains of at least 20 consecutive settlements dating back to 9000 BC.
- Jericho is one of the most popular destinations in Palestine because of its restaurants, hotels, and facilities to meet all needs, as well as a suspended locomotive or cable car.
- In addition to the Russian Museum and Garden contains information about the traditions of Russian pilgrims to the Holy Land.
- The archaeological excavations of the Byzantine Church on The site.
- Moreover, on the grounds of the museum, there is a legendary sycamore tree that is more than 2,000 years old, and the Spanish gardens are a great place to relax.
City of Qalqilya in Palestine:
- Qalqilya is a relatively small but vibrant governorate that depends entirely on agriculture for its economy.
- It is surrounded by rural areas that extend on the slopes of the towering hills and is completely isolated from its suburbs.
- It is one of its most important features is the zoo, which includes a park and museum, and is the only park on the West Bank, making it a major attraction.
- In addition to the market, despite its small size In relation to the Nablus and Jerusalem markets, it is a fun place to explore and sample the many local baked goods and buy fresh fruit.
City of Jenin in Palestine:
location of the city of Jenin:
- Jenin is located 41 km north of the city of Nablus and is 250 meters above sea level.
Reason for the name Jenin:
- Due to the relation to the gardens that surround it.
History of the city of Jenin in Palestine:
- The Romans built the old city a city of Jinai from the villages of Sebastia.
- In the seventh century AD, Muslim Arabs conquered it, and it has the name Jenin From that time until today.
Importance of its geographical location:
- Jenin is distinguished by its strategic location.
- It makes it a link between the transportation routes coming from Nablus, and the transportation point for the roads heading to Haifa, Nazareth, Nablus, and Jerusalem.
Historical sites in Jenin:
- Among its most important landmarks are the Great Mosque, and Khirbat Atiya, which is located east of Jenin and contains a destroyed village.
- In addition to Khirbet Kharouba, which is located North of Jenin on a hill, it contains the remains of a tower with a sloping base, foundations, walls, cisterns, caves, and tombs.
City of Jaffa in Palestine:
location of the city of Jaffa:
- Jaffa is one of Palestine’s windows to the Mediterranean.
- It is located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, about 7 km south of the mouth of the Auja River, and about 60 km northwest of the city of Jerusalem.
Nature in the city of Jaffa in Palestine:
- The Jaffa region has flat land, fertile soil, abundant water, and a moderate climate.
- The nature of the straight Jaffa coast varies between rocky cliffs, some of which stand up to about 35 meters above sea level.
- It has shallow sandy beaches interspersed with some swamps at the mouths of some waterways.
Weather in the city of Jaffa:
- Jaffa has a moderate Mediterranean climate in Jaffa, where rain falls during the winter half of the year, and the relative humidity is high in summer and winter.
History of the city of Jaffa in Palestine:
- Jaffa was inhabited at the beginning of the fourth millennium BC.
- Then, since the middle of the third millennium BC, the migration of the Semitic waves of The Arabian Peninsula is toward western Asia.
- The construction of the city of Jaffa dates back to the third wave of it.
- It was subjected to the Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine rule, all the way to the Islamic conquest.
- It was ruled by the Mamluks and the Ottomans, and in the second half of the nineteenth century AD, it was under the British mandate.
City of Nazareth in Palestine:
Nazareth is one of the largest and most beautiful cities in Palestine.
- It has a special place in the hearts of Christians around the world, where they make pilgrimages to it.
- They make pilgrimages to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
Geographical Location of the city of Nazareth in Palestine:
Within a medium-altitude area, about 400 meters above sea level, Nazareth is surrounded by part of the high mountains of Galilee.
Weather in the city of Nazareth:
The climate of Nazareth is characterized by a Mediterranean climate; Where it is hot and dry in summer, and warm and rainy in winter.
History of the city of Nazareth:
Archaeological excavations indicate that Nazareth was inhabited during the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age, and many civilizations that ruled Nazareth followed; such as the Umayyads, the Abbasids, and the Crusaders, and the Ottomans.
City of Tulkarm in Palestine:
Location of the city of Tulkarm:
The city of Tulkarm has located 12 km from the Mediterranean Sea, and about 15 km to the west of the city of Nablus.
History of the city of Tulkarm in Palestine:
- Its location between the coastal plain and the mountains of central Palestine made it an important station along the trade and conquest routes throughout history.
- This is due to the fertility of its land, and during the Ayyubid period – that is, after the Mamluk era 1260 – 1516 AD – most of the lands of Tulkarm became part of the endowment to support the Persian school in Jerusalem.
Agriculture in the city of Tulkarm in Palestine:
- Agriculture is one of the most important elements of Tulkarm’s economy.
- Its most important crops are grains, citrus fruits, olives, and other fruits.
You can also read this Cities of Palestine whose people have been displaced
In conclusion, the cities of Palestine played an important role in many civilizations, as Palestine has passed through many important ages. Thus there are many historical and religious places in it.