The Arab countries have the oldest civilization in the world such as the pharaonic Egyptian civilization, Sumerian civilization, and Islamic civilization, so we will tell you a list of the ancient Arabian cities. These cities are the oldest cities in the Arab world that was the cradle of civilizations.
List of Ancient Arabian cities
There are old cities in the Arab world in each Arab country such as the following list of ancient cities:
1- Jericho city is one of the Ancient Arabian cities
It is the oldest Arab city, dating back to the Stone Age, about 10,000 years ago. And there are still traces dating back 9,000 years. Besides, the origin of its name goes back to the Canaanites, and the word Jericho means the moon. Location It is located north of the Dead Sea and is close to the Jordan River and now from the Palestinian cities.
2- Byblos city in Beirut
The city of Byblos is located north of Beirut and overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. It was a fishing village and was also famous for its shipbuilding industry and the Phoenician alphabet. In addition, people inhabited it 7,000 years ago, in the Neolithic period. Moreover, it has many names including Jbeil, Jab means house, and Wal means God. So it means the house of God. The Greeks called it Byblos because it was famous for its paper.
3- Aleppo city is one of the Ancient Arabian cities
Aleppo is one of the oldest Arab cities, where the first human habitation dates back to 12,200 BC. In addition, the first people to inhabit it are the Amorites, as there are still traces of it in Tell Maribat, near the Euphrates Valley in Aleppo.
4- The ancient city of Damascus is one of the Ancient Arabian cities
Syria has many ancient cities such as Aleppo and Damascus. The UNESCO World Heritage Site includes The ancient city of Damascus. There you will see traces of Damascene architecture, including houses and streets, and the current residents call them “Arab houses”. But despite the wars and earthquakes that Damascus has gone through, it is still the oldest Arab city.
5- Fayoum city in Egypt
Fayoum is one of the most ancient regions in Egypt, as its foundation dates back to 4000 BC. Many great civilizations have passed through it, such as the Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic, and Islamic civilizations. In addition, the area of the city of Fayoum is very large, reaching 6068 km. Its first name is “Chdat”, which means the island because it is located in Morris Lake. Then the name was transliterated to per Sobek, which means the house of the crocodile. Later its name became “Piom”, and finally, its name became “Phiom”.
6- Sidon city
The Canaanites were among the oldest peoples, as they established many cities on the Mediterranean coast. Sidon is one of the oldest of these coastal cities. It dates back to 2800 BC, and according to UNESCO, it dates back to 4000 BC. It is in the eastern Mediterranean and is the third-largest city in Lebanon. In addition to the presence of traces of these ancient times. Its name is Sidon because it was famous for that.
7- Beirut city
Beirut is one of the oldest Arab cities that is still populated as it dates back to 3000 BC. In addition, it passed through many ancient and ancient civilizations, such as the Phoenicians, Hellenes, Romans, and Ottomans. Beirut still attracts tourists with its picturesque nature and ancient monuments.
8- Al-Quds city
Palestine is one of the Ancient Arab cities that has had great sanctity since ancient times dating back to 2800 BC. It has importance for Jews and Christians in particular, as it houses the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. It also has sanctity for Muslims, such as the mosque of the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Although it was subjected to occupation and many wars in the past, it still has traces dating back thousands of years.
9- Tyre city
As we mentioned before, the city of Beirut and its antiquity, there is also the city of Tyre, which dates back to 2750 BC. It is also located south of Beirut, about 83 km. In addition, it also passed through it to the ancient Phoenician civilization, where Beirut was mentioned in the story of the kidnapping of the Phoenician princess Europa. It also has so far traces dating back to the Roman era, where there is a Roman horse race field, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
10- Arbil city
As we mentioned before, there are many ancient cities in the Arab world, such as Erbil in Baghdad today, which dates back to 2300 BC. It also passed through many great civilizations, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, as well as the Persians and the Sasanians. And there are still villages that indicate its antiquity and its antiquity among the Arab cities.
11- Taiba city
Thebes is the current Luxor, which includes a third of the world’s antiquities. As it dates back to more than 3200 years BC. It was an important trade center. It is also located about 800 km south of the Mediterranean Sea, and currently. There are still ruins of it in the city of Luxor, where it was the link with Upper Egypt, and the ancient Egyptians called it “Wast”, which means the city of the scepter.
12- Madinet Saleh one of the Ancient Arabian cities in Saudi Arabia
Madinet Saleh is one of the old cities in Ancient Saudi Arabia It is also known as the City Hijer, and it is located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia today. It is also one of the oldest Saudi cities and the oldest Arab cities. In addition, it was inhabited by the oldest civilizations in the Saudi Arabian Peninsula, such as the Lihyans and the Nabataeans. Besides, it still has ancient Noboteanan tombs. In addition, it was an important commercial center because it passed through the most important trade routes, which contributed to its prosperity. Besides, it still has ancient monuments to this day, dating back about 2,300 years.
In conclusion, Ancient Arabian cities are one of the most important destinations for tourism as they represent the past for thousands of years.
Madinat Saleh is the oldest city in the Arabian Peninsula which is called Al-Hijar. It dates back to 2300 A.D.
Fayum is the oldest city in Egypt as it dates back to 4000 A.D.
Aleppo is one of the oldest cities in the Arabian world, it dates back to 12200 A.D.
Jericho is the oldest Arabian city in the world, it dates back to 9000 A.D.