The Arabic language has been affected by many factors in each Arab country that led to other dialects that are derived from the Arabic language, so we will tell you The Arabic dialects list. There are many similarities between the Arabic dialects, however, each dialect has its features. Let’s see how these dialects began and developed. What are the most spoken Arabic dialects?
The difference between a language and a dialect
The language is considered broader and more comprehensive, and also it is an official language of a country.
While the dialects are smaller and often belong to a region or region smaller than the language, which is more flexible and easy. It may also be specific to a social group or people living in a particular country.
The Arab countries main language
The main language for the Arab is the Arabic language as it is the official language, while other has another language besides the Arabic language.
First: The Arabic language is an official language for it without the participation of any other language, and they are such as:
- Saudi Arabia.
- United Arab Emirates.
Second: The countries that consider Arabic an official language have a partnership with other languages are such as:
- the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
How the Arab dialects began and developed?
- All Arabic dialects began as a result of the Islamic conquests, due to Islam spread from the Arabian Peninsula to all neighboring countries.
- Therefore, the Arabic language spread because it was the first language of Islam and the language of the Holy Qur’an. but as a result of the different languages of the local neighboring countries and other factors, the different dialects of the Arabic language arose. As the mother tongue or the local language of each country before the entry of Islam had an impact on the pronunciation of some letters in the Arabic language. so, it led to a slight change in pronunciation.
- Therefore, as a result of the different countries that Islam entered, these dialects multiplied and also developed over the centuries until they became the dialects that exist now.
Arabic dialects list
As we have mentioned that many thing affected the language that create a new dialects and also that’s what happens with the Arabic language in the Arab countries. So, this is different Arabic dialects such as
- Egyptian Arabic
- Gulf Arabic
- Mesopotamia Arabic
- Moroccan Arabic
- Algerian Arabic
- Hassaniya Arabic
- Najdi Arabic
- Yemeni Arabic
- Tunisia Arabic
- Libyan Arabic
- Arabic South Levantine spoken
- Sudanese Arabic
- Northwest Arabian Arabic
- Arabic North Levantine spoken
- Juba Arabic
Arabic dialects map
Factors that led to the multiplicity of Arabic dialects
Political factors include the independence or also occupation of countries, which affects the language acquired from the occupied country. An effect also occurs as a result of the weakness of the authorities and the large number of areas affiliated to them as a result of the expansion of the state. So, Arabic language dialects appeared as the Arab world has 22 countries, most of them was under occupation.
The location greatly affects the development of dialects, as the differences in nature and environment affect the weather and thus affect the pronunciation of some letters, which affects the dialect. Thus, there are Different Arabic dialects as a result of different locations such as Saudi Arabia in the Arabian Peninsula and Morocco in the west of Africa.
Some countries return the origins of their people to other regions with different languages as a result of the fusion of peoples from the exchange of cultures, marriage and lineages. As a result, new generations are produced affected by their origin as well as their local dialect, which results in a development in the dialect.
4-physical physiological factors
The composition of the organs of speech lags behind from one person to another, so what about other countries and countries? Of course, this varies greatly, which leads to different sounds of letters and a change in the dialect.
The dialect of different classes of society differs, as you will not find the pronunciation of the educated like the pronunciation of other workers or also farmers. Therefore, the language varies according to social factors, culture, customs and traditions.
Most spoken Arabic dialects
The Egyptian language is the most widespread dialect in the Arab world as a result of several factors such as:
- Arabic language dialects are many, however the Egyptian Arabic dialect is ease and also smoothness compared to the rest of the Arabic dialects. besides, it makes understanding it faster, as well as its pronunciation is also easy, unlike the Moroccan dialects.
- The large number of Egyptians who work and also reside outside Egypt in Arab countries, such as in the Gulf countries.
- Egypt’s political role and also its distinguished relationship with all countries of the Arab world.
- The Egyptian media played a major role in transmitting the Egyptian culture to all Arab countries. in addition, the spread of the Egyptian programs and other series and movies. more over, which the Arab citizen enjoys watching and using their vocabulary and also influence on him. so, it became easy to all the Arab countries to Learn Arabic dialects through hearing it such as learning another language.
Differences between Arabic dialects
Although there are about 18 Arabic dialects and it is developing over the years, there are some differences while some dialects have similarities. So we can discuss the differences while categorizing the Arabic different dialects for four main Arabic dialects list such as:
1- Egyptian Arabic dialect
It is the most common Arabic dialect since it’s easy to learn or speak due to many factors that we have mentioned before.
2-Gulf Arabic dialect
Gulf countries have been affected by common factors of the desert environment. Besides, they got the same cultures and traditions as well. So there have almost same dialect with little differences in some pronunciation. In addition, it includes Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, United Arab of Emirates, and Iraq.
3-Levantine Arabic dialect
It is commonly used by countries of the Levantine and also it’s the easiest dialect after the Egyptian dialect. These countries that use it have little differences in there pronunciation such as, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Palestine.
4-Maghribi Arabic dialects
It is common in the Arab countries in the west of Africa such as Morocco, Algeria and Tunis; however there are little differences as well in some words and pronunciation. in addition, it is called sometimes “al darja”
In conclusion, Arab countries may have many dialects but still the Arabic language is the main official language for them. Besides, theses different Arabic dialects list proves the efficiency of the Arabic.
The Arabic dialect that began in the northwest of the Arabian Peninsula
As a result of the vast area of the Arab countries and their location, which extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf in the east, the Arab countries in West Asia, North Africa and East.
The Maghribi Arabic dialect is the hardest as they have a different way of pronunciation and they include French words as well
It is called the Mesopotamian Arabic dialects.