Middle East countries
The definition of the countries of the Middle East is a broad and changing concept, subject to many variables, political and regional developments, and others.
Where the countries of the Middle East were a geographical region with common cultures located west of the continent of Asia, then the definition of the countries of the Middle East – at the middle of the twentieth century – included Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt and Sudan, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates, and this was the traditional political definition of Middle Eastern countries.
concept of the Middle East countries
The concept of Middle Eastern countries was used for the first time at the beginning of the twentieth century, and the concept is relatively complex due to its change and development, and one of the most important reasons for the complexity and instability of the concept on specific countries is that many countries that are classified as a Middle Eastern country often fall within other names. ; Such as the countries of the Near East, West Asia, the Mediterranean, the Arab world, and others, and each designation represents a common perception of countries and their connection to each other.
The countries of the Middle East have become a geographical area that is not precisely defined, and it was seen as the area between Europe and East Asia, as it was called the Far East, and the term Middle East is usually used culturally to refer to the group of countries dominated by Islamic cultural character.
The most important tourist areas in the Middle East
The following are the most important tourist areas that characterize the countries of the Middle East:
Istanbul: The city of Istanbul is located in the state of Turkey, and is a meeting point between the continents of Asia and Europe, and the city is characterized by a rich cultural history, and Istanbul is currently one of the most beautiful cities in the world, and its most important landmarks are the Hagia Sophia Mosque, Sultan Ahmed Mosque, and the Bosphorus
Jerusalem: Jerusalem is one of the oldest and most ancient tourist areas in the world, due to its religious importance to Muslims. Where it includes many Islamic monuments; Such as the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, as it is intended for visitors and Christian pilgrims and those coming from Europe, because it includes many Christian religious monuments as well, and the old city is characterized by its streets and markets.
Petra: It is called the Rose City, located in Jordan, and includes one of the narrowest historical passages called the Siq, and the origin of the city dates back to the Nabataean civilization,
The treasury carved in the rock is one of Petra’s most important landmarks and a tourist destination for the city.
Islamic City of Cairo: The Islamic or ancient city of Cairo is a mirror of the life in the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle Ages. It is a city full of streets and alleys, and many ancient mosques and magnificent huge gates are distributed throughout the city.
Jubail City: The city of Jubail, located in Lebanon, is one of the oldest inhabited areas in the world. It includes many Phoenician and Roman historical monuments, some Islamic monuments from the Mamluk era, and ancient rural houses dating back to the Middle Ages, and the port of Jubail is located in it, which is the meeting point of the Middle East with the Mediterranean Sea, and the port is surrounded by many beautiful beaches and rugged mountains on the coast north of Beirut .
Burj Al Arab: Burj Al Arab is located in the city of Dubai, UAE, and the tower is characterized by the shape of the sail, which makes it one of the most important and most beautiful buildings built in the world during the past fifty years.