History of the Arab Republic of Egypt
The Arab Republic of Egypt is one of the countries that have succeeded in many civilizations, leaving different fingerprints that appeared in the antiquities and fossils found by researchers. History scholars divided the periods that passed on Egypt into the history of ancient Egypt, and the history of modern Egypt. The ancient Egyptians reached the concept of writing, and invented the hemoglobin letters and signs. The Egyptians were distinguished by their recording of all the events of their life and history, and thus Egypt became the first country with a recorded written history.
About the history of ancient Egypt
Egyptian civilization began around the year 3150 BC, when King Mina united Upper and Lower Egypt. But these stable periods were interspersed with periods of weakness.
Ancient Egypt was able to develop due to its adaptation to the surrounding conditions. It determined the periods of the Nile flood and exploited it to produce many agricultural crops. Agriculture flourished due to the availability of water, fertile soil and the appropriate climate, and this contributed to the social and cultural development of the population, and the minerals in the valley were exploited. and the surrounding desert areas.
The ancient Egyptian state was able to strengthen military forces, resist external enemies, and increase the assertion of Pharaonic domination over the country, and due to the pharaoh’s view of the necessity of national unity among the population, Egypt was able to exploit quarries, and adopt advanced construction techniques in that period, which helped them build huge pyramids, temples and obelisks.
The achievements of the Egyptian pharaonic civilization
The achievements of the Egyptian pharaonic civilization:
Medicine: The Pharaohs were able to come up with many prescriptions that help treat many diseases, and they are found in international museums in Paris, Leiden, London, Berlin and Turin. There are also books in the Museum of the Historical Society in New York discussing surgeries and injuries to different parts of the body.
Economy: The pharaohs relied on the barter system and then used the currency, and sent trade missions.
Art: Statues and sculptures indicate the pharaohs’ obsession with art. They left behind coffins, obelisks, statues, furniture, ornaments, marble tools, and distinctive inscriptions that indicate the amount of artistic progress in that period.