Cities of Palestine

Cities of Palestine

Jerusalem

  • The city of Jerusalem is considered the cradle of the three monotheistic religions, Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
  • Jerusalem’s history dates back more than five thousand years. It is thus considered one of the oldest cities in the world
  • Throughout these ages, it has been nicknamed by many titles, the most important of which are the city of Yabus, Elijah, and Jerusalem.
  • The city of Jerusalem is a global tourist destination visited by many people around the world due to its religious and historical importance; It includes many important religious monuments; Like the Dome of the Rock, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher
  • Jerusalem is divided into 4 main neighborhoods: the Islamic neighborhood, the Christian neighborhood, the Armenian neighborhood, and the Jewish neighborhood.

Gaza

  • Gaza City is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, 32 km north of the Egyptian border.
  • Gaza City is an important economic center for the cultivation of citrus and other crops. The city is also famous for its hand-woven carpets, bamboo furniture, and pottery.
  • It has many public gardens and restaurants on its shore, whose visitors enjoy the gentle Mediterranean breeze, in addition to its historical importance.

Bethlehem

  • The city of Bethlehem is located 10 km south of the Old City of Jerusalem.
  • The reason for calling it Bethlehem is due to the abundance of meat in it due to the abundance of fertile pastures and livestock.
  • The city of Bethlehem is an ancient Canaanite city inhabited by the Canaanites for a long time, and they called it Beit Elie Lahma, where El means god.
  • Bethlehem is located in a mountainous location at an altitude of 772 m above the level of the Mediterranean Sea, and therefore it enjoys a Mediterranean climate where the summer is hot Dry, cold, and rainy winters.
  • Bethlehem has acquired a special religious sanctity for Christians as the birthplace of Jesus Christ.

Ramallah

  • Ramallah is a Palestinian city in the Central West Bank located 15 Km north of Jerusalem at an average elevation of 880 meters above sea level, adjacent to Al Bireh.
  • The foundation of the city of Ramallah dates back to the sixteenth century AD by a sheikh named Rashid Al-Haddadin. With the passage of time, Ramallah began to expand; In the year 1807 AD, the first Greek Orthodox church was built there

Nablus

Nablus
  • Nablus is located in the north of the West Bank, 69 km north of Jerusalem, and 42 km east of the Mediterranean Sea. It is located in a narrow valley between the mountains of Ebal and Gerizim.
  • Nablus is considered the heart of Palestine as it connects its north to its south and east to its west. Nablus also enjoys an important geographical location due to its location at the crossroads of ancient trade routes.

Hebron

Hebron
  • The city of Hebron is located 30 km south of Jerusalem, at an altitude of 950 m above sea level, which makes it the highest city in Palestine.
  • Hebron is also considered one of the oldest Palestinian cities; The city is more than 5,500 years old, and Hebron has developed significantly over time; Today, it is considered one of the most important Palestinian industrial and commercial centers.
  • Hebron is famous for its traditional handicrafts; Such as the manufacture of glass, pottery, food, and leather, in addition to modern industries; Such as shoemaking, weaving, stone, and marble
  • In Hebron there are many religious and historical sites; Like Ibrahim’s tomb, and the Ibrahimi Mosque, which is visited by thousands of tourists from inside and outside Palestine annually.

Khan Younes

Khan Younes
  • Khan Yunis borders Deir al-Balah to the north, Rafah to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.
  • The city is an important commercial center, as a municipal council was established there during the Ottoman era, which is the second largest in the Gaza Strip
  • Khan Younis also owns the agricultural status of a large number of agricultural land where, with an estimated cultivated area of about 37.3  km², of which 18.1 km² is suitable land for agriculture.

Jericho

Jericho
  • Jericho is located only 10 km east of Jerusalem, very close to the Dead Sea.
  • Its climate is characterized by a very high temperature, as it is located at a depth of 274.02 m below sea level, which also makes it the lowest city in the world, and Jericho is the oldest inhabited city populated.
  • Jericho is one of the most popular destinations in Palestine because of its restaurants, hotels, and facilities to meet all needs, in addition to the Russian Museum, cable car and Garden that contains information about the traditions of Russian pilgrims to the Holy Land

Qalqilya

  • Qalqilya is a relatively small but vibrant governorate that depends entirely on agriculture for its economy; It is surrounded by rural areas that extend on the slopes of the towering hills.
  • One of its most important features is the zoo, which includes a park and museum, and is the only park in the West Bank, making it a major attraction, in addition to the market, which despite its small size In relation to the Nablus and Jerusalem market, it is an amazing place to explore and sample the many local baked goods and buy fresh fruit

Jenin

Jenin is located 41 km north of the city of Nablus, and is 250 meters above sea level. It was named by this name in relation to the gardens that surround it.

The Romans built in the old city a city mentioned as Jinai from the villages of Sebastia, and in the seventh century AD, it was conquered by Muslim Arabs, and it was known as Jenin From that time until today.

The most important landmarks are the Great Mosque, and Khirbat Atiya, which is located east of Jenin and contains a destroyed village, in addition to Khirbet Kharouba, which is located North of Jenin on a hill.

Ramallah

The city of Ramallah was founded in the Umayyad era by Suleiman bin Abdul Malik in 715 AH, when he made it the seat of his caliphate. And the Samaritans, and with time, Ramallah advanced in various fields until it became one of the major cities of the Levant and a center for the boycott of Palestine, and it is worth mentioning that it remained the capital of Palestine for about 400 years until it was occupied by the Franks in 1099 AH. Ramallah rises about 108 m above sea level, its land area is 9,830,038  km²  , and its population was estimated in 1948 at 17,586 people. Al-Abyad and its minaret, the tomb of Al-Fadl bin Al-Abbas, in addition to the shrine of the Prophet Saleh.

Jaffa

Jaffa is one of Palestine’s windows to the Mediterranean; It is located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, about 7 km south of the mouth of the Auja River, and about 60 km northwest of the city of Jerusalem. The Jaffa region has flat land, fertile soil, abundant water, and a moderate climate. The nature of the straight Jaffa coast varies between rocky cliffs, some of which stand up to about 35 meters above sea level, and shallow sandy beaches interspersed with some swamps at the mouths of some waterways.
Jaffa has a moderate Mediterranean climate in Jaffa, where rain falls during the winter half of the year, and the relative humidity is high in summer and winter. Jaffa was inhabited at the beginning of the fourth millennium BC, and then, since the middle of the third millennium BC, the migration of the Semitic waves of The Arabian Peninsula is towards western Asia, and the construction of the city of Jaffa dates back to the third wave of it. Jaffa was subjected to the Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Greek, Roman and Byzantine rule, all the way to the Islamic conquest. It was ruled by the Mamluks and the Ottomans, and in the second half of the nineteenth century AD it was under the British mandate .

Nazareth

Nazareth is one of the largest and most beautiful cities in Palestine, and it has a special place in the hearts of Christians around the world, where they make pilgrimages to it as they make pilgrimages to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Within a medium-altitude area, about 400 meters above sea level, Nazareth is surrounded by part of the high mountains of Galilee. زThe climate of Nazareth is characterized by a Mediterranean climate; Where it is hot and dry in summer, and warm and rainy in winter, archaeological excavations indicate that Nazareth was inhabited during the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age, and many civilizations that ruled Nazareth followed; such as the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Crusaders, and the Ottomans.

Tulkarm

The city of Tulkarm is located 12 km from the Mediterranean Sea, and about 15 km to the west of the city of Nablus. Its location between the coastal plain and the mountains of central Palestine made it an important station along the trade and conquest routes throughout history. any mountain of chrome; This is due to the fertility of its land, and during the Ayyubid period – that is, after the Mamluk era 1260 – 1516 AD – most of the lands of Tulkarm became part of the endowment to support the Persian school in Jerusalem, and agriculture is one of the most important elements of Tulkarm’s economy, and its most important crops are grains, citrus fruits, olives, and other fruits

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