The city of Baghdad or the round city is the capital and largest city of the Iraqi Republic,
and the second largest Arab city after the Egyptian capital Cairo, and the city is located on the Tigris River.
The credit for building the city of Baghdad goes to the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jaafar al-
Mansur, and at that time it was called the city of Mansur, and it is noteworthy that four
gates were allocated to it:
Bab Khurasan, Bab al-Sham, Bab Kufa, and Bab Basra.
Baghdad Cultural History
Baghdad has been known since ancient times as one of the most important regions that produced poets, writers and artists,
As the cultural movement began to emerge, the city became one of the most influential
capitals among the Arab capitals of culture and the arts, and many Iraqi and Arab poets and
artists sang to Baghdad,
Baghdad is also considered a strategic location due to the availability of water there and the
low risk of floods, which led to the expansion of the city and increase its influence as well as
the ease of communication across the Tigris River through the bridges connecting it with the left side of the river.
Baghdad in the modern era
The city of Baghdad was occupied in 1917 by the British, and in 1921 AD it became the
capital of modern Iraq, and since that time the city began to grow and develop in terms of
size and population.
On April 9, 2003, Baghdad surrendered to the American forces that occupied Iraq, which led
to looting, the destruction of many buildings, and the city’s lack of security.
The martyr monument is located in the eastern part of Baghdad, and is considered one of
the most important landmarks in it. It is based on a circular platform with a diameter of 190 m. This memorial symbolizes the Iraqi soldiers who encountered. Their martyrdom in Iran’s war with the state of Iraq.
It includes a large number and variety of different animals that it still owns until now,
despite its severe impact in the 2003 war, but it still maintains its status.
The museum’s history dates back to prehistoric times until the seventeenth century, and this
museum contains many artifacts and various artifacts that have been inherited throughout
history, such as statues, coins, human formulations and precious stones, in addition to many remains of Islamic antiquities.