General information about the State of Qatar and where is Qatar located
Location of Qatar
Where is Qatar located? The State of Qatar is located in the middle of the western coast of the Arabian Gulf, east of the Arabian Peninsula, between latitudes (24-27 and 26-10 North) and longitudes (50-45 and 51-40 East Greenwich). On an area of 11,521 square kilometers, it includes a number of islands, the most important of which are the islands of Halul, Shirawa, Al-Ashat, and others.
The lands consist of a generally flat rocky surface with some plateaus and limestone hills scattered in the (Dukhan) area to the west, which is 40 meters above sea level. The surface of Qatar is also characterized by many geographical phenomena. Including a large number of gulfs and bays scattered on the various shores of the country, in addition to the basins and depressions that are predominantly found in the northern and central regions.
Climate in Qatar
Qatar has a desert climate, its summer is hot, its annual average ranges between (30-50) degrees Celsius during the summer months and its winter is warm between (8-22).
Population of Qatar
The population of Qatar is about (1.7) million people, with an expected annual increase of 10%. 83% of the population lives in the capital, Doha, its suburbs, and industrial areas.
Language in Qatar
Arabic is the official language of the country and English is widely used.
Religion of Qatar
Islam is the official religion of the State of Qatar, and Islamic law is a major source of legislation in the country.
Flag of the State of Qatar:
The national flag of the State of Qatar has a bright red color (support) pierced by a white color, and it has nine points that run through the maroon part.
The most important cities in Qatar
Doha, Al Wakra, Al Khor, Dukhan, Al Shamal, Mesaieed, Ras Laffan, and others.
Currency of Qatar
The Qatari riyal, 1 Qatari riyal = 100 dirhams. And the US dollar = 3.65 QR (fixed price).
National events in Qatar
- National Day: on the eighteenth of December.
- September 3: The State of Qatar gained its national independence on September 3, 1971 AD.
- On June 27, 1995 AD, His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani assumed the reins of power in the country.
- Eid Al-Fitr: on the first day of the month of Shawwal (the first day of Shawwal) of the Hijri year, and its duration is four days.
- Eid Al-Adha: on the tenth of the month of Dhul-Hijjah of the Hijri year, and its duration is five days.