Arabic alphabet letters

Arabic alphabet letters

Arabic alphabet letters

Arabic alphabet letters

Arabic alphabet letters are one of the most valuable letters in the world due to having retained the same origin. And also pronunciation throughout the ages. Several factors contributed to this, the most important of which was the Holy Quran and also the spread of Islam. In addition, The Arabic language has distinctive sounds that are unparalleled in other languages.

In 1973, the Arabic language was adopted by the United Nations as an approved language among the six international languages, namely Arabic, English, French, Chinese, Russian, and also Spanish.

Arabic alphabet naming

It is called the “Arabic alphabet” and it is still called this until now in addition to the Arabic letters. In addition, it has been called Arabic because recent studies have proven that it is named after the first person who pronounced it, Yaarib Ibn Kanaan. Therefore, there are origins of the Arabic language from the Canaanite language and then developed into the Arabic language.

Spread of the Arabic alphabet

Islam contributed greatly to the spread of Arabic letters for many reasons such as:

First: The strength of Islam and also a large number of Islamic conquests.

Second: Many people around the world embraced Islam as a result of Islamic conquests and its tolerant principles.

Third: The need to understand the Noble Qurโ€™an, in addition, to the Qurโ€™an in its own language as well.

Fourth: The Arabic language is the language of the Noble Qurโ€™an, so God preserves it from any distortion.

Fifth: It was a language specific to the Arabs and also became specific to all Muslims in various parts of the world.

Sixth: Because it has many different

Courtiers use Arabic letters

All Arab countries joining the League of Arab States use Arabic as their national official language such as:

Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, Libya, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait, in addition to Qatar, Bahrain, Mauritania, Cyprus, Somalia, Djibouti, Comoros, Sudan, Iraq, and Oman.

Similar Arabic letters languages

There are many languages in the world that use the same letters of the Arabic alphabet but with differences in the formation of words and sentences from the Arabic language, such as Sindhi, Punjabi, Urdu, Ottoman, Kurdish, Malay, Persian, Kurdish, Baluchi, Urdu, Pashto, Uyghur, Chinese (Xuercheng), Lunar.

Features of the Arabic alphabet

  • It is written from right to left it such as in rare languages.
  • Its letters and the sounds of its alphabet have not changed throughout the ages because God preserved the writing of the Qurโ€™an.
  • Moreover, it has sounds that are not found in other languages

How many letters are in the Arabic alphabet?

The Arabic language has 28 letters, and sometimes the letter “ุก” is added to them, so they became 29.

Arabic alphabet

Arapic alphabet area unique letters with unique sounds such as:

Arabic alphabet lettersEnglish alphabet Phonics
ุซTh- แนฏ/ฮธ/
ุฐTh- แธ/รฐ
ุดSh- ลก/สƒ/
ูˆAw , w , ลซ/w/โ€  โ€Ž/u:/โ€  /o/ /u/ /au/
ูŠy. ay, ฤซโ€Ž/j/โ€ โ€Ž/i:/โ€ /e:/ /ai/ /e/

Arabic Alphabet Arrangement

1. Alphabetical arrangement

Arabic alphabetcal order is such as:

ุฃุŒ ุจุŒ ุฌุŒ ุฏุŒ ู‡ู€ุŒ ูˆุŒ ุฒุŒ ุญุŒ ุทุŒ ูŠุŒ ูƒุŒ ู„ุŒ ู…ุŒ ู†ุŒ ุณุŒ ุนุŒ ูุŒ ุตุŒ ู‚ุŒ ุฑุŒ ุดุŒ ุช

It is an arrangement on the historical origins where it begins with the Semitic letters such as:

ุฃุŒ ุจุŒ ุฌุŒ ุฏุŒ ู‡ู€ุŒ ูˆุŒ ุฒุŒ ุญุŒ ุทุŒ ูŠุŒ ูƒุŒ ู„ุŒ ู…ุŒ ู†ุŒ ุณุŒ ุนุŒ ูุŒ ุตุŒ ู‚ุŒ ุฑุŒ ุดุŒ ุช

The six letters that were added in the Arabic language are added to them such as:

ุซุŒ ุฎุŒ ุฐุŒ ุถุŒ ุธุŒ ุบ

2. Aptathal arrangement

It is the main arrangement such as:

ุฃุŒ ุจุŒ ุชุŒ ุซุŒ ุฌุŒ ุญุŒ ุฎุŒ ุฏุŒ ุฐุŒ ุฑุŒ ุฒุŒ ุณุŒ ุดุŒ ุตุŒ ุถุŒ ุทุŒ ุธุŒ ุนุŒ ุบุŒ ูุŒ ู‚ุŒ ูƒุŒ ู„ุŒ ู…ุŒ ู†ุŒ ู‡ู€ุŒ ูˆุŒ ูŠ.

It is the arrangement that is currently used, as it is arranged according to their similarity, which is what is used now in most dictionaries and books.

3. phonetic arrangement

ุนุŒ ุญุŒ ู‡ู€ุŒ ุฎุŒ ุบุŒ ู‚ุŒ ูƒุŒ ุฌุŒ ุดุŒ ุถุŒ ุตุŒ ุณุŒ ุฒุŒ ุทุŒ ุชุŒ ุฏุŒ ุธุŒ ุฐุŒ ุซุŒ ุฑุŒ ู„ุŒ ู†ุŒ ูุŒ ุจุŒ ู…ุŒ ูˆุŒ ูŠุŒ ุฃ

So, in this arrangement, the letters are arranged according to the letters and pronunciations as well. Thus, its different from other arrangements.

Arabic alphabet pronunciation

Arabic Alphabet Letter exits

There are 5 exits for the sounds of Arabic letters, such:

  1. Throat: It has three special exits as the following:

Extreme Throat such as “ุก, ู‡”

Middle throat such as “ุน, ุญ”

Lower throat g such as “ุบ, ุฎ”

2. Tongue: It includes ten special exits as the following:

To pronounce many letters through the tongue, whether it is from its root. sometimes from the middle and also its edges. It includes letters such as ุฌ, ุด, ูŠ, ุช,ุท, ุฏ, ุซ, ุธ, ุฐ, ู†, ุฑ, ุฒ, ุต,ุณ, ุถ, ู„.

3. Lips: It includes two special outlets that result in 4 four letters such as ุจ, ู…, ูˆ, ู

4. Back of the Jaw: It includes one special exit that results in three sounds such as ุข, ูŠ, ูˆ

5. The gills: It includes one special exit.

The consonant letters

The 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet are consonants and also they are as the following:

ุฃุŒ ุจุŒ ุชุŒ ุซุŒ ุฌุŒ ุญุŒ ุฎุŒ ุฏุŒ ุฐุŒ ุฑุŒ ุฒุŒ ุณุŒ ุดุŒ ุตุŒ ุถุŒ ุทุŒ ุธุŒ ุนุŒ ุบุŒ ูุŒ ู‚ุŒ ูƒุŒ ู„ุŒ ู…ุŒ ู†ุŒ ู‡ู€ุŒ ูˆุŒ ูŠ

But there are only 3 letters that make long vowel sounds such

ุฃ, ูˆ, ูŠ

Arabic alphabet with English

The Arabic language has some advantages that enable the translation of foreign languages or their phonetics with simple changes in the letters of the Arabic alphabet, such as

  • ฺค” signs the letter “V” in the English language, due to adding one dot only.
  • “ูพ” signs to letter “P” in the English language, due to adding one dot only.
  • “ฺ†” signs the sound “tสƒ” which is pronounced in several languages Persian and also English languages. Its pronunciation changed due to adding one dot only. So, it proves the flexibility of the letters.

In conclusion, the Arabic language has become the heritage and ancient civilizations of the Arab peoples, and also the whole world seeks to study its history and civilizations that bring tourists from around the world. In addition to the role of Arab science and literature, which has translated many Arabic books by great Arab scholars and writers in various fields into many languages โ€‹โ€‹around the world. Therefore, the Arabs are proud of the Arabic language, the language of the Noble Qurโ€™an.